Acacia saligna seed meal as alternative feed ingredient in broiler ration: Effect on productive performance and carcass characteristics


  • Mehari Kebede Tigray Agricultural Research Institute, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center. P. O. Box 258, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • Alemayehu Tadesse Mekelle University, Department of Animal, Rangelands, and Wildlife Sciences, P.O. Box 231, Mekelle, Ethiopia


Dry matter intake, Feed conversion ratio, Raw, Weight gain


The experiment was conducted to determine the productive performances and carcass characteristics of broilers fed graded raw Acacia saligna seed meal. A total of 132 Cobb500 unsexed day-old broiler chicken were used for the experiment. The chicks were randomly allocated to four dietary treatments containing 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% A. saligna seed meal. A completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications was used and 33 chicks were allocated for each treatment. The daily dry matter intake showed significant difference (P<0.05) among treatments in the starter, finisher and entire period which was higher in chicks fed T2 (66.03 g/chick) and T1 (65.02 g/chick) but lowest for T3 (40.73 g/chick) and T4 (45.54 g/chick) in the entire period. Similarly, the feed conversion ratio (FCR) in the starter, finisher and overall experimental period; final body weight, body weight change and daily weight gain in the starter phase showed significant (P<0.05) difference among treatments. The highest FCR was recorded for T3 (0.35) while the lowest was for T2 (0.25). However, there was no significant difference (P>0.05) among treatments in the daily weight gain, final body weight, body weight change and carcass parameters in finisher and entire period. Therefore, it can be concluded that raw A. saligna seed meal can be incorporated up to 5% level in the diet of broilers for better growth performance and carcass characteristics.


Acacia Study Group Newsletter No 98, 2007. Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants, 8.

Alemu, Y., 1995. Poultry production in Ethiopia. World. Poult. Sci. J., 51, 197-201.

Alemu, Y., Tadelle, D., 1997. The status of poultry research and development in Ethiopia. Research bulletin No. 4, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemist), 2005. Official method of analysis 18th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington D.C., USA.

Ayanwale, B.A., Obun, Ayanwale, A.V., 2007. Effect of raw and roasted wild Afzelia africana seed meal based diets on broiler chicken. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6(1), 27-30.

Begovic, S., Duzic, E., Sakirbegovic, A., Tafro, A., 1978. Examination of tannase activity in ruminal contents and mucosa of goat fed oak leaves during intra-ruminal application of 3 to 10% tannic acid. Vet., 4, 445- 447.

Blood, D.C., Radostits, O.M., 1989. Veterinary Medicine, 7th Edition, Balliere Tindall, London, 589-630.

Duwa, H., Oyawoye, E.O., Njidda, A.A., 2012. Effect of processing methods on the utilization of sorrel (H. sabdariffa) seed meal by broilers. Pak. J. Nutr., 11(1), 38-46.

Ee, K.Y., Yates, P., 2012. Nutritional and anti-nutritional evaluation of raw and processed Australian wattle (Acacia saligna) seeds. Food. Chem., 138, 762–769.

Etalem, T., Getachew, A., Mengistu, U., Tadelle, D., 2012. Cassava root chips as an alternative energy feed ingredient in broiler ration: effect on growth performance and economic consideration. Livestock at the crossroads of climate change and variability. In: the proceedings of the 20th annual conference of the Ethiopian society of animal production (ESAP) held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 159-171.

Falade, M.S., Owoyom, O., Harwood, C.E., Adewusi, S., 2005. Chemical composition and starch hydrolysis of Acacia colei and Acacia tumida seeds. Cereal. Chem., 82(5), 479-484.

Gomez, K.A., Gomez, A.A., 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research. Wiley Inter Science Publication, John Willey and Sons, New York, 720.

Hassan, A.A., Yassin, O.E., Gibril, S., 2013. Effect of feeding graded level of decorticated pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds on broiler chicks performances. J. Appl. Indus. Sci., 1(4), 7-10.

James, R.G., 1992. Modern livestock and poultry production (4thed). Delmer publishers Inc.

Julian, R.J., 1998. Rapid growth problems: Ascites and skeletal deformities in broilers. J. Poul. Sci., 77, 1773-1780.

Julian, R.J., Friars, G.W., French, H., Quinton, M., 1987. The relationship of right ventricular hypertrophy, right ventricular failure and ascites to weight gain in broiler and roaster chickens. Avian. Dis., 31, 130- 135.

Kumar, V., Elangovan, A.V., Mandal, A.B., Tyagi, P.K., Bhanja, S.K., Dash, B.B., 2007. Effects of feeding raw or reconstituted high tannin red sorghum on nutrient utilization and certain welfare parameters of broiler chickens. Br. Poult. Sci., 48(2), 198 – 200.

Maslin, B.R., Thomson, L.A., McDonald, M.W., Hamilton-Brown, S., 1998. Edible wattle seeds of southern australia. A review of species for semi-arid regions of southern Australia. CSIRO, Forestry and Forest Products, Australian Tree Seed Centre, Canberra.

Maxwell, M.H., Robertson, G.W., Spence, S., 1986. Studies on an ascites syndrome in young broiler. Avian. Path., 15, 511-524.

Obun, C.O., Yahaya, M.S., Kibon, A., Ukin, C., 2011. Effect of dietary inclusion of raw Detarium microcarpum seed meal on the performance and carcass and organ weight of broiler chicks. Am. J. Food. Nutr., 1(3), 128-135.

Oke, O.L., 1969. Oxalic acid in plants and nutrition. World. Rev. Nutr. Dietetic., 10, 262-302.

Ologhobo, A.D., Apata, D.F., Oyejide, A., 1993. Utilization of raw Jackbean (Canavalia ensiformis) and jackbean fraction in diets for broiler chicks. Br. Poult. Sci., 34, 323-337.

Onu, P.N., Okongwu, S.N., 2006. Performance characteristics and nutrient utilization of starter broilers fed raw and processed pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 5(7), 693-697.

Reddy, M.B., Love, M., 1999. The impact of food processing on the nutritional quality of vitamins and mineral. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol., 459, 99-106.

SCAHAW (Scientific committee on animal health and animal welfare), 2000. The welfare of chicken kept for meat production (broilers), report of the European Union.

Solomon, D., 1996. Study on the egg production of White Leghorn under intensive, semi-intensive and rural household conditions in Ethiopia. Livest. Resource. Rural. Dev., 8, 89-92.

Solomon, D., 2008. Poultry sector country review: from the report; HPAI prevention and control strategies in Eastern Africa. The structure, marketing and importance of the commercial and village poultry industry: An analysis of the poultry sector in Ethiopia. Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations 2007, Re-edited September.

Tadelle, D., 1996. Studies on village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. An M.Sc. thesis submitted to Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 69.

Trese, G.E., Evanse, W.C., 1978. A Text book of Pharmacognosy. 11thed. Bailliere-Tindall, London.

Wideman, R.F., 1988. Ascites in poultry. Monsanto update. Monsanto Co., St. Louis, MO., 70, 1069-1083.

Wilson, J.B., Julian, R.J., Barker, I.K., 1988. Lesions of right heart failure and ascites in broiler chickens. Avian. Dis., 32, 246-261.

Wiseman, J., 1987. Meeting nutritional requirement from available resources. In: Feeding of non-ruminant animals. Translated and ed. by J. Wiseman. Butterworth and C. Ltd.



How to Cite

Mehari Kebede, & Alemayehu Tadesse. (2016). Acacia saligna seed meal as alternative feed ingredient in broiler ration: Effect on productive performance and carcass characteristics. Scientific Journal of Animal Science, 5(1), 204-211. Retrieved from



Original Article