Study on the current status of feed ingredient production, supply and marketing in Ethiopia
Keywords:Animal feed ingredients, Oil crops, Cereals, Price
This study was conducted from March-July 2021 to assess status and dimension of feed ingredient production price and marketing constraints and to identify the major factors or reasons contributed to the development of these problems particularly for the past five years. Check list, informant discussions with relevant stakeholders were used to collect suitable data and information. This study was revealed that production and market supply of cereals and oil crops were non significantly (P>0.05) different from 2017-2020. Annual growth rate of production and market supply for soya bean, niger and linseed were very low in 2019/20 than the previous year. Niger and Sesame was produced and supplied to the market significantly (P<0.05) in large volume in comparison to other oil crops for the past aggregate five years followed by soya bean with the value of 285,749.3, 180,116.5; 250,123.7, 171,775.7 and 130,771.5, 77,803 tons respectively. The exported soya bean was 62.4, 37.6, and 1.5% higher than the soya bean brought to the market in the years of 2017, 2018 and 2019 respectively. The study shows that there were a gap between design capacity and performance of oil industries from 2016-2020 with the value of 522,997, 611,997, 638,197, 754,497 and 967,603.4 tons respectively. As the market supply of wheat was compared with the design capacity and current performance of all flour industries in the country, there was an average deficit of 1,500,000 tons of wheat from 2017-2020 with a minimum and maximum of 500,000 and 2,100,000 tons in 2016/17 and 2020/21 respectively. Generally, demands for feed ingredients by feed processing industries were increased from 120,897 to 574,734 tons between the study periods From this study, it is possible to conclude that scarcity of wheat and oil crops in the market, absence of maize for flour and feed industries and presence of illegal marketing in the value chain were some of the main factors for price increment of feed ingredient.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Demissie Negash, Tadesse Teshome, Daniel Temesgen
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