Mathematical models of polymer-dentin physicochemical interactions and their biological effects


  • Paula Alejandra Baldión Department of Oral Health. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering. Universidad Nacional de Colombia
  • Carlos Julio Cortés Department of Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering. Universidad Nacional de Colombia


Adhesive monomers, Interface, Dentin, Wettability, Contact degree, Surface energy


Dental adhesion is the result of a physicochemical interaction between tooth structure and the adhesive polymeric restorative material. Adhesion involves molecular interactions at the interface between these constituents. Furthermore, mechanical interlocking is a common type of adhesion important in dental materials. This type of bonding involves the penetration of the adhesive into the dental surface and requires different energetic considerations for an optimal interface. An adequate infiltration of adhesive monomers into demineralized dentin depends on several factors that are determined by the atoms on the surface of the structures and the effects of surface energy on the thermodynamic work of adhesion. The polarity, solubility and viscosity of the adhesive system and the surface energy and moisture of dentin tissue are key factors that contribute to adhesion energy. The main goal of dental material adhesion is to produce an interface that is strong and durable. Thus, it is important to optimize the infiltration of adhesive monomers into exposed collagen fiber networks and dentinal tubules in order to increase the strength of the Resin-dentin bonds and produce adequate dentin sealing.


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How to Cite

Baldión, P. A. ., & Julio Cortés, C. (2016). Mathematical models of polymer-dentin physicochemical interactions and their biological effects. Scientific Journal of Review, 5(2), 319-330. Retrieved from