Hematological and carcass characteristics of crossbred local and large white pigs fed with graded levels of chicken and fish viscera as feed supplement
Keywords:Unconventional diet, Haematological parameters, Blood, Pig
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of chicken and fish viscera used as feed supplement in pigs on fattening. Ninety crossbreed (Local x Large White) weaned pigs of 12 weeks old, weighing on average 9.5kg were divided into five groups of eighteen. Each group was assigned to one of the five diets contained 0% (control), 0, 1.5, 3.5 and 5% of chicken viscera and respectively 0% (control), 5, 3.5, 1.5 and 0% of fish viscera for 90 days. Haematological parameters like Packed cell volume (PCV), Haemoglobin (Hb), Red blood cell (RBC), White blood cell (WBC), Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were studied. After 90 days of rearing, four pigs from each group were slaughtered for carcass trait analysis. Offal and carcass weights and carcass length were recorded. Results showed that the haematological parameters weren’t different (P>0.05) among treatments. The RBC and WBC of the control group A0 was higher than those of dietary treatments and the standard value. In addition some value of platelets were lower than the minimum value adapted from Coronado 2014.
Ajao, B.H., Ola, S.I., Adameji, O.V., Kolawole, R.F., 2013. The relationship of ambient temperature and relative humidity to the thermosrespiratory function of greater grass cutter. Proc. of the 18th Annu. Conf. Anim. Sci. Assoc. Nig. 92.
Alalade, O.A., Iyayi, E.A., Alalade, T.O., 2007.The nutritive value of azolla (Azollapinnata) meal in diets for growing pullets and subsequent effect on laying performance. J. Poult. Sci. 44, 273-277.
Alu, S.E., Adenkola, A.Y., Oluremi, O.I.A., Kaankuka, F.G., 2011. Effects of nutrasexyla enzyme supplementation on haematological parameters of growing pigs fed low and high fibre diets. J. Life. Phys. Sci. Acta SATECH. 4, 15-24.
Becerra, M., Preston, T.R., Ogle, B., 1995. Effect of replacing whole boiled soya beans with azolla in the diets of growing ducks. Livest. Res. Rural. Dev. 7, 1-11.
Cherryl, D.M., Prasad, R.M.V., Jagadeeswara, R.S., Jayalaxmi, P., Eswar, R.B., 2014. Effect of inclusion of Azollapinnata on the haematological and carcass characteristics of crossbred large white yorkshire pigs. Vet. World. 7(2), 78-82.
De Smet, S., 2012. Meat, poultry, and fish composition: Strategies for optimizing human intake of essential nutrients. Anim. Front. 2(4), 10-16.
Dhumal, M.V., Siddiqui, M.F., Diddiqui, M.B.A., Avari, P.E., 2009. Performance of broilers fed on different levels of azolla meal. Indian. J. poult. Sci. 44, 65-68.
Duran, A.O., 1994. Raw palm oil as the energy source in pig fattening diets and Azollafiliculoïdes as a substitute for soya bean meal. Livest. Res. Rural Dev. 6 (1).http://www.Irrd.org/Irrd6/I/ocampo2.htm. Accessed on November 21,2013.
Hoffman, I.C., Cawthorn, D.M., 2012. What is the role and contribution of meat from wildlife in providing high quality protein for consumption? Anim. Fornt. 2, 40-53.
Hoffman, I.C., Cawthorn, D.M., 2013. Exotic protein sources to meet all needs. Meat Sci. 95, 764-771.
Isaac, L.J., Abah, G., Akpan, B., Ekaette, I.U., 2013. Haematological properties of different breeds and sexes of rabbits. Proc. of the 18th Annu. Conf. Anim. Sci. Assoc. Nig. 24-27.
Jain, N.C., 1993. Essentials of veterinary haematology, Williams and Wilkins Rose Tree Corporate Centre Building II 1400 North Providence Road, Suite 5025 Medias, PA 19063-2043 USA, U.S.A. (215) 251-2230, 7.
Jo, C., Cho, S.H., Jang, J., Nam, K.C., 2012. Keys to production and processing of Hanwoo beef: A perspective of tradition and science. Anim. Front. 2(4), 32-38.
Mitruka, B.M., Rawnsley, H.M., 1977. Clinical biochemical and haematological reference values in normal experimental animals. Manson Publishing USA.Inc.
Moss, D., 2012. Mixing culinary arts with meat science. Anim. Front. 2(4), 6-9.
Oliver, C., 2012. Artisan beef: An alternative view of beef quality. Anim. Front. 2(4), 68-73.
Onyeyili, P.A., Egwu, G.O., Jibike, G.I., Pepple, O., Gbaegbulan, J.O., 1991. Seasonal variation in haematological indices in the grey breasted guinea fowl (NumidamealagrisGallatapallatas). Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 18(2), 108-11.
Ovuru, S.S., Ekweozor, I.K.E., 2004. Haematological changes associated with crude oil ingestion. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 3, 346-348.
Picard, B.I., Florence, I., Bénédicte, I., 2012. Meat and fish flesh quality improvement with proteomic applications. Anim. Front. 2(4), 18-25.
Pobiner, B., 2013. Evidence for meat-eating by early humans. Nat. Educ. Knowl. 4(6), 1.
Rentfrow, G.R., Chaplin, S., Suman, S., 2012. Technology of dry-cured ham production: Sci. enchan. art. Anim. Front. 4(4), 25-32.
Schalm, O.W., Jain, N.C., Caroll, E.J., 1975. Veterinary haematology.(3rd ed). Lea and Fabiger. Philadelphia.
Thornton, P.K., 2010. Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects, http://www.rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org Accessed on October 19, 2013.
Togun, V.A., Oseni, B.S.A., 2005. Effect of low level inclusion of biscuit dust in broiler finisher diet apparently healthy red Sokoto goats.Proc. of the 27th Ann. Conf. Nig. Soc. Anim. Prod. 50-53.
Waugh, A., Grant, A., 2001. Anatomy and physiology in health and illness.(9th ed.) Churchill Livingstone, an imprint of Elsevier Science Limited, 59-70.
Zhou, G.H., Zhao, M., 2012. History and heritage of Jinhua ham. Anim. Front. 2(4), 62-67.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2015 Carine v, Adam Adénilé, Daniel Houndjo, Marcel Houinato, Emile Fiogbe
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.