Nutritional and anticoccidial properties of papaya (Carica papaya) leaf meal on growing rabbits

Authors

  • Vidjinnangni Fifamè Grâce Nadège Dèdéhou Laboratoire d’Ethnopharmacologie et de Santé Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 526 Cotonou, Benin Republic.
  • Goué Géorcelin Alowanou Laboratoire d’Ethnopharmacologie et de Santé Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 526 Cotonou, Benin Republic.
  • Guévara Nonviho Unité de Recherche sur les Interactions Moléculaires, Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique de l’Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 2009, Cotonou, Benin Republic.
  • Fréjus Zinsou Laboratoire d’Ethnopharmacologie et de Santé Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 526 Cotonou, Benin Republic.
  • Gouton Alban Houngbèmè Laboratoire National de Pharmacognosie, Institut de Recherche et d’Expérimentation en Médicine et Pharmacopée Traditionnelles, 01 PO Box 06 Oganla, Porto-Novo, Benin Republic.
  • Boris Milognon Béhingan Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 509, Republic of Benin.
  • Flora Agbassou Laboratoire de Recherches Pluridisciplinaires de l’Enseignement Technique, Ecole Normale Supérieure de l’Enseignement Technique, Université Nationale des Sciences, Technologies, Ingénierie et Mathématiques, PO Box 133, Benin Republic.
  • Habilou Koladé Aboudou Laboratoire de Recherches Pluridisciplinaires de l’Enseignement Technique, Ecole Normale Supérieure de l’Enseignement Technique, Université Nationale des Sciences, Technologies, Ingénierie et Mathématiques, PO Box 133, Benin Republic.
  • Sylvie Mawulé Hounzangbé-Adoté Laboratoire d’Ethnopharmacologie et de Santé Animale, Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 PO Box 526 Cotonou, Benin Republic.

Keywords:

Papaya leave, Growth performance, Anticoccidial, Rabbits, Diet

Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate the anticoccidial properties of papaya leaves meal (PLM) and its effect on the productive growing performance of rabbits. The effect on productive performance was investigated using forty-eight growing rabbits divided into 4 groups of 12 rabbits; and the anti-parasitic effect evaluation trial was conducted on separate forty eight growing rabbits rabbits divided into another 4 groups (12 each). The experimental diets (R0, R2, R4 and R8) contained different levels of PLM (0%, 2%, 4% and 8% respectively). For each trial, the experiment lasted for 8 weeks. The measured parameters included daily weight gain, feed intake, feed convertion ratio (FCR), and faecal egg count. Secondary metabolites in PLM were quantified using its hydroalcoholic and aqueous extracts. The results show a presence of phenols, tannins and flavonoids with high contents in the aqueous extract (47.55±12.40 mgeqGA/g, 19.03±0.03 µgeqCAT/mg, 7.45±0.16 mgeqQ/g respectively). No significant difference in feed intake and significant difference in daily weight gain (p < 0.05) and FCR (p < 0.01) occurred among the treatments, despite the progressive numerical increase in weight gain with the raising PLM in the diets. The use of PLM in the diets significantly decreased (p < 0,001) oocyst’s abundance in the treatments compared to the control (diet without PLM). Thus, the PLM represents a good alternative for improving the feeding and health status of growing rabbits.

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Published

2022-09-06

How to Cite

Dèdéhou, V. F. G. N. ., Alowanou, G. G. ., Nonviho, G. ., Zinsou, F. ., Houngbèmè, G. A. ., Béhingan, B. M. ., Agbassou, F. ., Aboudou, H. K. ., & Hounzangbé-Adoté, S. M. . (2022). Nutritional and anticoccidial properties of papaya (Carica papaya) leaf meal on growing rabbits. Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances, 10(1), 316-324. Retrieved from https://sjournals.com/index.php/sjva/article/view/1717

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