Engendered climate change impact and response knowledge, and its implication for adaptation, vulnerability and resilience in Sub Saharan Africa
Keywords:Gender, Climate change, Knowledge, Vulnerability, Adaptation, Sub Saharan Africa
AbstractGender is a socio-economic variable which can be used to analyze adaptation, vulnerability and resilience of people against climate change and variability in local communities in Sub Saharan Africa (Assan, 2014). Climate change refers to the variation in the global or regional climates over time. It describes changes in the variability or average state of the atmosphere over time scales ranging from a decade to millions of years (Ayoade, 2003). Gender-differentiated impacts of climate change on women and men in developing countries will have detrimental effects on agricultural productivity, biodiversity and ecosystem services. This is because they have the least capacity or opportunity and knowledge to prepare for the impacts of a changing climate given their limited resources (Nelson et al. 2010). According to Nellemann et al., (2011) adaptation, vulnerability and resilience of people to climate change depend upon a range of conditions. These vary from their degree of exposure and dependency upon weather patterns for livelihoods and food security, to varying capacities in adaptation, which are influenced by gender, social status, economic poverty, power, access, and control and ownership over resources in the household, community and society. Climate change is a global phenomenon, with impacts that are already being experienced on a human level, and around the world, many of the most vulnerable communities are already struggling to cope with the impacts of climate change. Therefore, it is reasonable to suggest that climate change is reshaping human civilization and our knowledge on how we respond to climate change calamities will determine the future of mankind. It is recognised that it is those who are already the most vulnerable and marginalised who experience the greatest impacts (IPCC, 2007), and are in the greatest need of adaptation strategies in the face of shifts in weather patterns and resulting environmental phenomena. There is need for gender sensitive adaptation strategies in the face of existing climate change impacts on human activity and food security, including how these are manifested in different contexts. Men and women experience particular gendered vulnerabilities in climate change induced disasters, therefore there is need to identify the ext
Agrawala, S. (ed), 2005: Bridge over Troubled Waters-Linking Climate Change and Development. OECD, Paris, France.
Assan, N. 2014. Gender, Agriculture and Climate Change Impact and Vulnerability of Resource Poor Farmers in Africa. Agricultural Advances. 3(11):272-279.
Ayoade, J.O. 2007. The impact of climate change on the ecosystems and coastal resources of Nigeria.National Stakeholder workshop on climate change holding in Abuja. Nigeria November., 7-9, 2007.
Christodoulou, J. 2005. Glossary of gender related terms. Mediterranean Institute of Gender Studies, August., 2005.
Denton, F. 2002. Climate change, vulnerability, impacts and adaptation: Why does gender matter? In Gender, development and climate change, Caroline Sweetman, ed. Oxfam.
Egeru, A. 2011. Indigenous knowledge in climate change adaptation: A case study of the Teso Sub Region, Eastern Uganda. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge.11(2):217- 224.
FAO., 2008. 52nd session of the Commission on the Status of Women (2008) Gender perspectives on climate change, Issues paper for interactive expert panel on Emerging issues, trends and new approaches to issues affecting the situation of women or equality between women and men. UN, New York, USA.
Gilles, J., Thomas, J.L., Valdivia, C., Yucra, E,S. 2013. Laggards or leaders: Conservers of traditional agricultural knowledge in Bolivia. Rural Sociology doi: 10.1111/ruso.12001.
Goh, A.H.X. 2012. A literature review of the gender-differentiated impacts of climate change on women’s and men’s assets and well-being in developing countries. CAPRi Working Paper No. 106. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Gustafson, P. 1998. Gender differences in risk perception: Theoretical and methodological perspectives. Risk Analysis 18(6): 805–811.
Hansen, J., Baethgen, W., Osgood, D., Ceccato, P., Ngugi, R.K. 2007. Innovations in climate risk management: Protecting and building rural livelihoods in a variable and changing climate. Journal of Semi–Arid Tropical Agricultural Research 4(1).
Hulme, M., R. Doherty, T. Ngara, and M. New. 2005. Global warming and African climate change: A reassessment. In Climate change and Africa, P. S. Low, ed. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
IPCC TAR, 2001 a. Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. IPCC Third Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press.
MacGregor, S. 2010. Gender and Climate Change: From Impacts to Discourses. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 6: 223-238.
Maskow, M. 2000. Radio as a learning technology. In New directions for adult and continuing education: The strategic use of learning technologies, E. J. Burge, ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Meinzen–Dick, R., Quisumbing, A., Behrman, J., Biermayr–Jenzano, P., Wilde, V., Noordeloos, M., Ragasa, C., Beintema, N. 2010. Engendering agricultural research. IFPRI Discussion Paper 973. Washington, D.C.: IFPRI.
Moyo, S., ed. 2000. Zimbabwe environmental dilemma: balancing resource inequities. Harare, Zimbabwe Environmental Research Organization. 161 pp.
Nellemann, C., Verma, R., and Hislop, L. (eds). 2011. Women at the frontline of climate change: Gender risks and hopes. A Rapid Response Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme, GRID-Arendal.
Nelson, G.C., et al. 2009. Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.
Nyong, A., Adesina, F., Osman Elasha, B., 2007. The value of indigenous knowledge in climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the African Sahel. Mitigation and Adaptation strategies for global Change 12(5):787-797.
Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof,J.P., van der Linden, P.J., Hanson, C.E. ( Eds) 2007. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 976 pp, 2007.
Patt, A. G., Dazé, A., Suarez, P. 2009. Gender and climate change vulnerability: What's the problem, what's the solution? In Distributional impacts of climate change and disasters: Concepts and cases, M. Ruth, M. E. Ibarraran, eds. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.
Patt, A., Gwata, C. 2002. Effective seasonal climate forecast applications: Examining constraints for subsistence farmers in Zimbabwe. Global Environmental Change 12(3): 185–195.
Rossi, A., Lambrou. Y. 2008. Gender and equity issues in liquid biofuels production: Minimizing the risks to maximize the opportunities. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Smit, B., Pilifosova, O. 2001. Adaptation to climate change in the context of sustainable development and equity. Chapter 18 in Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability—contribution of Working Group II to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Thomas, D. S. G., Twyman, C., Osbahr, H., Hewitson, B. 2007. Adaptation to climate change and variability: Farmer responses to intra–seasonal precipitation trends in South Africa. Climatic Change 83(3): 301–22.
UNFCCC. 2007. Climate change: Impacts, vulnerabilities, and adaptation in developing countries. Bonn, Germany: UNFCCC.
Vincent, V., Thomas, R.G. 1961. An agro-ecological survey of Southern Rhodesia: Part I agro-ecological survey. Salisbury, Government Printers.
Vogel, C., O’Brien, K. 2006. Who can eat information? Examining the effectiveness of seasonal climate forecasts and regional climate–risk management strategies. Climate Research 33: 111–122.
Ziervogel, G., Bithell, M., Washington, R., Downing, T. 2005. Agent–based social simulation: A method for assessing the impact of seasonal climate forecasts among smallholder farmers. Agricultural Systems 83(1): 1–26.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Never Assan, Patrick Sibanda
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.