Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences http://sjournals.com/index.php/sjpas <p>The Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences (SJPAS) is a peer reviewed multi-disciplinary specialist international journal aimed at promoting research worldwide in Agricultural Sciences, Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Medicine and Physics (all scientific fields).</p> en-US onlinesjournals@gmail.com (Executive Managing Editor) onlinesjournals@gmail.com (Farhad Jazideh) Sun, 02 Aug 2020 20:20:19 +0000 OJS 3.2.0.3 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The dynamics of the cost and funding of inclusive education in developing countries http://sjournals.com/index.php/sjpas/article/view/233 <p>This paper sought to analyse the dynamics involved in the cost and funding of inclusive education in developing and/or poor countries. The paper explores the cost-effectiveness of inclusive education by analyzing its measurability and sustainability. The literature that was reviewed reveals that the cost of inclusive education is less expensive but more sustainable than that of the traditional system in which general and special education are programmed and financed separately. The paper concludes that while it was difficult to find literature on the measurement of the cost of inclusive education in developing countries, it can be deduced from literature on middle-income and developing countries that inclusive education can cost up to 41% less than that of the traditional parallel system. However, this a can only be achievable if developing and/or poor countries embrace the central principles of inclusion and adopt best practices in these regards. Further research is certainly required on cost-effectiveness of inclusive education and the possibility of coming up with a model for calculating the real opportunity cost of foregoing the traditional more exclusive parallel systems often practiced in developing countries.</p> Patrick Sibanda Copyright (c) 2020 Patrick Sibanda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://sjournals.com/index.php/sjpas/article/view/233 Fri, 21 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000 A review of the implementation of inclusive education in Zimbabwe: challenges and opportunities http://sjournals.com/index.php/sjpas/article/view/229 <p>The purpose of this review was to, using literature, examine the various challenges faced in the implementation of inclusive education in Zimbabwe. Existing opportunities for the implementation of inclusive education were also explored. Literature indicates that challenges of implementing inclusive are more visible in sub-Saharan Africa than in the other parts of the world. The main challenges that were identified during review and synthesis of literature as affecting Zimbabwe in particular included lack of resources, inaccessibility of schools, ambiguity or complete lack of policies and laws, structural barriers, cultural stereotypes and negative attitudes, lack of political will, low teacher-pupil ratio, curriculum inaccessibility and research concerns. It also emerged from the review that opportunities such as the vast interest the government of Zimbabwe has invested in general education since 1980 which has culminated in the construction of several mainstream schools and training of specialist and special education teachers can be exploited for full inclusion of learners with disabilities. From the information gathered, the review concluded that the major causes of the many challenges affecting Zimbabwe are lack of political will, unclear policies and lack of funding. Meanwhile, the existing opportunities were seen to have potential for the successful implementation of inclusive education in Zimbabwe. On these bases, the review recommended mainly raising awareness among educational stakeholders, standardization of training, policy review, improved funding and restructuring of the implementation strategy.</p> Patrick Sibanda Copyright (c) 2020 Patrick Sibanda https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 http://sjournals.com/index.php/sjpas/article/view/229 Wed, 19 Sep 2018 00:00:00 +0000