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A study of the biometric of the reproductive tract of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) in northern Nigeria

M.A. Umaru, Abdulrahman Bello

Abstract


A Biometric study was conducted on the female reproductive tract of Eight-five (85) one-humped adult non-pregnant camel collected from the Sokoto metropolitan abattoir, over a period of two months. A pair of scissors, a scalpel and a blade was used to incise, excise, separate or debride various segments of the reproductive tract for measurements. The mean dimension of the left and right ovaries in the adult non-pregnant animal is 3.18 ± 0.78cm and 2.96 ± 0.61cm length, 2.23 + 0.50cm and 1.89 ± 0.35cm breadths, 1.12 ± 0.19cm and 0.94 ± 0.18cm thicknesses and 4.13 ± 0.63g and 3.00 ± 0.61g weight respectively. The mean dimension of the left and right uterine horn is 9.86 ±1.38cm and 6.56 ± 0.9cm length and 4.43 ±2.48cm and 3.39 ± 0.7cm diameter respectively. The mean dimensions of corpus uteri are 9.59 ± 2.27cm in length and 4.94 ± 0.56cm width.  The mean dimension of the cervix ranging from the external os to the internal os is 4.92 ± 1.06cm; and that of the vagina is 27.5 ± 5.30cm in is length and 1.35 ± 1.37cm diameter. It was concluded that the mean values obtained in this study were essentially in agreement with a considerable number of similar studies. However, a number of differences have also been observed which was attributed to specie and ecotype differences.


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