Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

Current status of calf coccidiosis managed under extensive and semi-intensive in Bekoji district, Arsi zone, Ethiopia

Gossa Regasa, Fikru Gizaw, Gelane Fekadu, Hailegebrael Bedada Woldemichael

Abstract


A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 up to April 2017 in Bekoji district to determine the current status of calf coccidiosis. A total of 384 calves with the age of up to one year were subjected to coprological investigation. Based on the coprological investigation the overall prevalence of coccidiosis was 186 (48.4%). Coccidiosis was higher in calves above 6 months of age than calves with age less than 6 months (P<0.05). The present study showed that there was significant difference (P<0.05) in the prevalence of coccidiosis among the husbandry systems of calves with the highest prevalence in semi-intensive system (55.6%). There was also significant variation observed (P<0.05) between local breeds and cross breeds. The highest prevalence of coccidial infection was recorded in calves with poor hygienic condition (53.2%) than in good and medium hygienic status (36.9% and 47.3%) (P<0.05). Likewise, significant variation in prevalence was observed between poor body condition and good body condition calves (P<0.05). However, significant difference in prevalence was not observed between different sex, and PAs. The present study showed that calves coccidiosis was one of the important diseases in the study area. Hence, appropriate disease prevention and control measures and further molecular investigations to determine the circulating Eimeria species should be implanted.

 


References


Abede, R., Wossene, A., Kumsa, B., 2008. Epidemiology of Eimeria infections in calves in Addis Ababa and Debre Zeit dairy farms, Ethiopia. Int. J. App. Res. Vet. Med., 6(1), 24-30.

Alula, A., Mohammed, N., Timketa, B., 2013. Prevalence of bovine coccidia in Kombolcha district of South Wollo, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health, 5(2), 41-45.

Coetzer, J., Justin, R., 2004. Infectious diseases of livestock. Second edition; Oxford University press. 3, 319-331.

Curt A. Gooch, 2005. Senior Extension Associate, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, PRO-DAIRY Program, Cornell University. Dairy Calves and Heifers: Integrating Biology and Management Conference, January 25-27. Syracuse, NY. NRAES-175.

Daugschies, A., Najdrowski, M., 2005. Eimeriosis in cattle: current understanding. J. Vet. Med. B Infect. Dis. Vet. Public Health, 52, 417-427.

Dejene, A., Yosef, D., Nuraddis, I., 2016. Prevalence and associated risk factors of calf coccidiosis in and around Asela town, Southeast Ethiopia. J. Nat. Sci. Res., 6(3).

Faber, J.E., Kollmann, D., Heise, A., Bauer, C., Failing, K., Burger, H.J., 2002. Eimeria infection in cows and their calves: Oocyst extraction and levels of specific serum and colustrum antibodies. Vet. Parasitol., 104, 1-17.

Ferid, D., Yeshitila, A., Mihreteab, B., 2012. Calf coccidiosis in selected dairy farms of Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Global Vet., 9(4), 460-464.

Getahun, K.T., 2016. Epidemiological studies on calve coccidiosis in dairy farms in South Wollo zone Amhara region, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Sci. Technol., 7, 6.

Jolley, W.R., Bardsley, K.D., 2006. Ruminant coccidiosis. Vet. Clin. N. Am., 613-621.

Kennedy, M., 2000. Coccidiosis in cattle. Health management section of the Alberta Feedlot, manual UK.

Lassen, B., Viltrop, A., Raaperi, K., Jarvis, T., 2009. Eimeria and Cryptosporidium in Estonian dairy farms in regard to age, species and diarrhoea. Vet. Parasitol., 212-219.

Maas, J., 2007. Coccidiosis in cattle. UCD Vet Views. Carlifornia Cattlemen's Magazine. Management Guide, 145-49

Mehreteab, B., Ferid, D., Yeshitila, A., 2012. Calf coccidiosis in selected dairy farms of Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. Global Vet., 9, 460-464.

Mohammed, N., Mukarim, A., Feyissa, B., Benti, D., 2016. Study on prevalence and risk factors of calf coccidiosis in and around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Appl. Sci. Technol., 7(2), 21-28.

Nisar-Khan, M., Rehman, T., Sajid, M.S., Abbas, R.Z., Zaman, M.R., Sikandar, A., Riaz, M., 2013. Determinants influencing prevalence of coccidiosis in Pakistani buffaloes. Pak. Vet. J., 33(3), 287-290.

Pace, J.E., Wakeman, D.L., 2003. Department of animal science, cooperative extension service, institute of food and agricultural sciences, university of Florida, Gainesville, 32611.

Radostits, O.M., Gay, C.C., Constable, P.D., 2006. Veterinary Medicine. A text book of the disease of cattle, horse, sheep pigs and goats, 10th ed, Sanders, Edinburgh, 969-984.

Rahmeto, A., Abebe, W., Bersissa, K., 2008. Epidemiology of Eimeria infections in calves in Addis Ababa and Debre Zeit dairy farms, Ethiopia. Int. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med., 6, 24-30.

Rehman, T.U., Khan, M.N., Sajid, M.S., Abbas, R.Z., Arshad, M., Iqbal, Z., Iqbal, A., 2011. Epidemiology of Eimeria and associated risk factors in cattle of district Toba Tek Singh. Pak. Parasitol. Res., 108, 1171-1177.

Rodriguez-Vivas, R.I., Dominguez-Alpizar, J.L., Torres-Acosta, J.F., 1996. Epidemiological factors associated to bovine coccidiosis in calves (Bosindicus) in a sub humid tropical climate. Rev. Biomed., 7, 211-218.

Svensson, C., 1995. Survival of oocysts of Eimeria alabamensis on pastures under different climatic conditions in Sweden. Acta. Vet. Scand., 36, 9-20.

Thrusfield, M., 2005. Veterinary epidemiology, 2nd ed. UK: Blackwell Science, 178-187.

Tigist, T., Merzuk, H., Gobu, B., Mukarim, A., 2017. Study on prevalence of calves coccidiosisi in and around Jimma town, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Res., 4(3), 1077.

Yadeessa, T.K., Awash, H.D., Gurmu, G.K., 2014. Prevalence of calves coccidiosis in Jimma town dairy farms, South-Western Ethiopia. Sci. J. Zool., 3, 36-44.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.