Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

Study on bovine hydatidosis and its economic significance at Shashemene municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia

Andualem Yimer, Aman Gudeta


This cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2015 to March 2016 to assess prevalence and associated factors of bovine hydatidosis and also to estimate its financial loss in cattle slaughtered at Shashemene municipal abattoir. Out of 400 examined cattle by meat inspection 199(49.75%) were infected by hydatid cyst in one or more of their visceral organs. The prevalence of hydatidosis in this study was significantly higher (P<0.05) in cattle with age group of more than 10 years (56.8%) and in animals having poor body condition (62.02%). Of the total 199 infected cattle, 109(54.77%) of them had hydatid cysts only in their lung, 42(21.1%) in liver, 5(2.51%) in spleen, 3(1.5%) in heart and 2(1%) in their kidney while the rest 28(18.08%) had multiple organs infection. Of the 721 cyst counted in viscera harboring hydatid cysts, the highest (57.56%) was in lung followed by liver (40.36%), spleen (1.38%), heart (0.41%), and kidney (0.27%). Out of the total 721 cysts collected, 24.18% were fertile, 46% sterile, and 29.82% calcified cysts. From the 175 fertile cysts, 60.57% cysts were found to be with viable protoscolics. Significantly the highest viability rate (P<0.05) was observed in fertile cysts of lung origin, 62.2% followed by 57.8% cysts of livers. Based on this study, the estimated annual financial loss due to direct and indirect effects of hydatidosis was 4, 158, 559.03ET=202, 955.54USD per annum based on the local market price in the study period. Hydatidosis was highly prevalent and economically important parasitic disease of cattle in the study area. The high percentage of viable cyst in this result indicates that the risk of its transmission with implication of public health importance. Public health measures such as control of stray dogs and strengthening of meat inspection services at abattoirs should be practiced.


Adane, M., Guadu, T., 2014. Bovine hydatidosis: Occurrence, economic and public health importance in Gondar ELFORA abattoir. Eur. J. Appl. Sci., 6(2), 11-19.

Alemeante, M., 2009. Study on prevalence and economic significance of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa municipal abattoir. DVM Thesis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Arbabi, M., Hooshyar, H., 2006. Survey of echinococcosis and hydatidosis in Kashun region, central Iran. Iran J. Publ. Health, 35(1), 75-81.

Arene, F., 1985. Prevalence of hydatidosis in domestic livestock in the Niger Delta. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 17, 3-5.

Assefa, A., Tesfay, H., 2012. Hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Adigrat municipal abattoir, Ethiopia. Vet. World, 6(10), 734-738.

Azlaf, R., Dakkak, A., 2006. Epidemiology of cystic echinococcosis in Morocco. Vet. Parasitol., 131, 83-93.

Bekele, J., Butako, B., 2011. Occurrence and financial loss assessment of cystic echinococcosis (hydatidosis) in cattle slaughtered at Wolayita Sodo municipal abattoir, Southern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 43, 221-22.

Berhe, G., 2009. Abattoir survey on cattle hydatidosis in Tigray region of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41, 1347-1352.

Berisa, K., 1994. Hydatidosis in Nekemte: Prevalence in slaughtered cattle and sheep estimated economic loss and incidence in stray dogs. DVM Thesis, FVM, Addis Abeba University, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

Central Statistical Agency (CSA), 2015. Agricultural Sample Survey. Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics (Private Peasant Holdings), vol. 1, Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

CSA, 2009. Livestock Population of Ethiopia. Central Statistical Authority, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Daryani, A., Alaei, R., Arab, R., Sharif, M., Dehghan, M.H., Ziaei, H., 2007. The prevalence, intensity and viability of hydatid cysts in slaughtered animals in the Ardabil province of Northwest Iran. J. Helminthol., 81(1), 13-17.

de Lahunta, A., Habel, R., 1986. Teeth Applied Veterinary Anatomy, W.B. Saunders Company, 4-6.

Eckert, J., Deplazes, P., 2004. Biological, epidemiological and clinical aspect of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 17(1), 107-135.

Endalew, D., Nuradddis, I., 2013. Prevalence and economic importance of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at North Gonder, Elfora abattoir. Eur. J. App. Sci., 5, 29-35.

FAO/WHO, 1994. Guidelines for echinococcosis/hydatidosis surveillance, prevention and control. FAO, Rome, 29, 147.

Fekadu, O.A., 1997. Study on prevalence and economic significance of hydatidosis in ruminants echinococcus granulois in dogs in and around Assela. DVM, Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. 49p.

Fikre, L., 1994. Echinococcosis/Hydatidosis in Konso (Southern Ethiopia): An assessment trial of its prevalence, economic and public health importance. DVM, Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University. 42p.

Fromsa, A., Jobre, Y., 2011. Infection prevalence of hydatidosis (Echinococcus granulosus, Batsch, 1786) in domestic animals in Ethiopia: A synthesis report of previous surveys. Ethiop. Vet. J., 15(2), 11-33.

Fuller, G.K., Diane, C.F., 1981. Hydatid disease in Ethiopia clinical survey with some immunodiagnostic test results. Anim. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 30(3), 645-652.

Gebretsadik, B., 2009. Abattoir survey on cattle hydatidosis in Tigray region of Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41, 1343-1352.

Gemmel, M., Roberts, M., Beard, T., Campanods, S., Lawson, J., Nonnomaker, J., 2001. Control of Echinococcosis, WHO/OIE manual in Echinococcosis in humans and animals. 53- 95.

George, K., Diame, K., 1981. Hydatid disease in Ethiopia, clinical survey with some immunodiagnostic results. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 30(3), 645-652.

Getaw, A., Beyene, D., Ayana, D., Megersa, B., Abunna, F., 2010. Hydatidosis: Prevalence and its economic importance in ruminants slaughtered at Adama municipal abattoir, central Oromia, Ethiopia. Acta. Trop., 113, 221-225.

Hagos, Y., 1997. Hydatidosis (Echinococcosis): Prevalence and economic impact in bovine at Mekelle municipal abattoir; Zoonosis and infection in dogs Mekele-Tigray. DVM, Thesis, Addis Ababa University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia.

Hubber, W.T., 1975. Disease transmitted from animal to man 6 ed. USA, Charles Thomas Publishers, 690-726.

Jemere, B., Wosenyelesh, K., Shishun, S., Desie, S., 2013. Prevalence and financial loss estimation of cystic echinococcosis in cattle slaughtered at Mizan Tefri and Teppi municipal abattoir, South-Western Ethiopia. Eur. J. Appl. Sci., 5(1), 12-18.

Jenkins, D.J., 2005. Hydatid control in Australia: Where it began, what we have achieved and where to from here. Int. J. Parasitol., 35(7), 733-740.

Jobire, Y., Lobagho, F., Tiruneh, R., Abebe, G., Dorchies, P.H., 1996. Hydatidosis in selected regions in Ethiopia: An assessment trial on its prevalence, economic and public health importance. Rev. Med. Vet., 147, 797-804.

Kebede, N., 2010. A retrospective survey of bovine hydatidosis in three abattoirs of Amhara National Regional State, Northwestern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 42, 323-325.

Kebede, N., Abuhay, A., Tilahun, G., Wossene, A., 2009c. Financial loss estimation, prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Debre Markos municipality abattoir, Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41, 1787-1789.

Kebede, N., Tesfu, K., Getache, T., Chandia, M., 2012. Occurance of bovine hydatidosis and evalution of its risk to humans in traditional communities of Souther region of Ethiopia. J. Health Dev., 26(1), 43-48.

Kebede, W., Hagos, A., Girma, Z., Lobago, F., 2009b. Echinococcosis/hydatidosis: Its prevalence, economic and public health significance in Tigray region, North Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41, 865-871.

Koskei, P.K., 1998. Prevalence and strain differentiation of Echinococcus granulosus in some selected sites of Ethiopia. Berlin and Ethiopia: Freie Universität and Addis Ababa University, MSc Thesis.

Mamuti, W., Yamasaki, H., Sako, Y., 2002. Usefulness of hydatid cyst fluid of Echinococcus granulosus developed in mice with secondary infection for serodiagnosis of cystic Echinococcosis in humans. Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol., 9(3), 573-576.

McManus, D., 2006. Molecular discrimination of hydatid cestodes. Parasitol. Int., 55, 531-532.

McManus, D.P., Zhang, W., Li, J., Bartley, P.B., 2003. Echinococcosis. The Lancet, 362(9392), 1295-1304.

Melaku, A., Lukas, B., Bogale, B., 2012. Cyst viability, organ distribution and financial losses due to hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Dessie municipal abattoir, North-eastern Ethiopia. Vet. World, 5(4), 213-218.

Miheret, M., Biruk, M., Habtamu, T., Ashwani, K., 2013. Bovine hydatidosis in Eastern part of Ethiopia. Medill East. J. Sci. Res., 5(1), 104-107.

Mussie, H., 1995. Bovine hydatid disease: An assessment trial of its prevalence and economic importance at Bahir Dar slaughterhouse. DVM, Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University. 32p.

Nejash, A., 2016. Review of important cattle tick and its control in Ethiopia. Open Access Library J., 3(3), 1-11.

Nicholson, M., Butterworth, M., 1986. A guide to body condition scoring of Zebu cattle. International Livestock Center for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Nigatu, K., Abebe, M., Getachew, T., 2009. Hydatidosis of slaughtered animals in Bahir Dar abattoir, North Western Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 41, 42-50.

Ogunirade, A., 1980. Bovine Fasciolosis in Nigeria. Inter-current parasitic and bacterial infections. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 14, 121-125.

Parija, S., 2004. Medical Parasitology, Protozoa logy and Helimenthology Text and Atlas. 2nd ed. India; Chennai Medical Book Publisher. 221-229.

Polydrous, K., 1981. Animal health and economics case study: Echinococcosis with the reference to Cyprus. Bull. Int. Epis., 93(5), 195-203.

Regassa, F., Molla, A., Bekele, J., 2010. Study on the prevalence of cystic hydatidosis and its economic significance in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa municipal abattoir, Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 42, 977-984.

Romig, T., Oma, D., Weible, A.K., 2006. Echinococcus multilocularis-a zoonosis of anthropogenic environments? J. Helminthol., 80(2), 207-212.

Sahar, A., Atif Elam, A., 2011. Study on hydatid cyst infection in slaughterhouses in Khartoum state, Sudan. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(6), 18-23.

Shashemene Woreda Agricultural and Rural Development Office (SWARDO), 2006. The annual report, Shashemene, Ethiopia.

Sissay, M., Uggla, A., Waller, P., 2008. Prevalence and seasonal incidence of larval and adult cestode infections of sheep and goats in Eastern Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Pro., 40, 387-394.

Solomon, G., 2011. Study on the prevalence and economic significance of hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Addis Ababa municipal abattoir Ethiopia. DVM, Thesis, School of Veterinary Medicine, JUCAVM, Jimma, Ethiopia, 18p.

Symth, D., 1994. Introduction to animal parasitology. London, Hodder Stoughton, 259-273.

Terefe, D., Kebede, K., Beyene, D., Wondimu, A., 2012. Prevalence and financial loss estimation of hydatidosis of cattle slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoirs enterprise. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health, 4(3), 42-47.

Thrusfield, M., 2005. Veterinary epidemiology, government department of Navy. Bureau 2ed UK Black Well Science Ltd, 182-198.

Torgerson, P., Dowling, P., Abo-Shehada, M., 2001. Estimating the economic effects of cystic echino-coccosis. Jordan, a developing country with lower-middle income. Ann. Trop. Med. Hyg., 95, 595-603.

Woubet, S., 1988. Prevalence of cattle hydatidosis and its economic significant in Robe municipal abattoir. DVM, Thesis, FVM, AAU, DZ, Ethiopia.

Yacob, H.T., Ataklty, H., Kumsa, B., 2008. Major ectoparasites of cattle in and around Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. Entomol. Res., 38(2), 126-130.

Yimer, E., Beyene, M., Woldemichale, T., Zewidie, B., Bekele, A., 2005. Prevalence of hydatidosis/echinococcosis in Addis Abeba city. Ethiop. V. J., 151-154.

Yitbarek, D., Mulugeta, T., Mihreteab, B., 2012. Prevalence of hydatidosis in ruminants slaughtered at Abergelle export abattoir, Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. Glob. Vet., 9(4), 490-496.

Zelalem, F., 2008. Prevalence and economic impact of hydatidosis in Addis Ababa abattoir. DVM, Thesis, School of Veterinary Medicine, JUCAVM, Jimma, Ethiopia, 38p.

Zelalem, F., Tadele, T., Zelalem, N., Chanda, M., Nigatu, K., 2012. Prevalence and characterization of hydatidosis in animals slaughtered at Addis Ababa abattoir, Ethiopia. J. Parasitol. Vector Biol., 4(1), 1-6.

Zewdu, E., Teshome, Y., Makwoya, A., 2010. Bovine hydatidosis in Ambo municipality abattoir, West Shoa, Ethiopia. Ethiop. Vet. J., 14(1), 1-14.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.