Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

Prevalence of yersinia enterocolitica and yersinia pseudotuberculosis in pigs in Zuru local government area, Kebbi state

J. M. Salihu, O.O. Faleke, M.D. Salihu, M.B. Abubakar, P.C. Mshelia, S. Garba, U.G. Rambo, Y.U. Dabai, N. Lawal

Abstract


The study was carriedout to establish the prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersiniapseudotuberculosis in pigs in Zuru Local Government of Kebbi State. Feacalsamples were collected from the randomly selected pigs and analysed usingstandard bacteriologic method of Yersinia isolation and identification. A totalof 377 samples were collected, out of which 76(20.2%) samples were positive forYersinia species. Yersinia enterocolitica was found in all the positive sampleswhile only 7(9.2%) were positive for Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Thedistribution of isolates among various age groups shows higher percentage ofoccurrence of 59.2% in pigs above 24 months of age, while the low incidencerate (9.2%) was recorded in pigs of 1 to 12 months of age. There wasstatistical association between the rate of isolation and the age, as p valuesare less than 5%(p<0.05). This investigation has revealed the presence ofYersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis among pigs in the studyarea. Therefore, there is need to educate the pig rearing communities andpublic on the need for hygienic practices.

References


Adesiyun, A.A., Agbonlahor, D.E., Lombin, L.H., Kwaga, J.K., 1986. Occurrence of virulence markers in species of Yersinia isolated from animals in Nigeria. Veter. Microbiol.,12(3), 289-294.

Agbonlahor, D.E., Odugbemi, T.O., Dosunmu-Ogunbi., 1981. Isolation of species of Yersinia from patients with gastroenteritis in Nigeria. J. Med. Microbiol., 16, 93-96

Alonso, J.M., Bercovier, J., Servan, J., Mollaret, H.H., 1979. Contribution to the study of the ecology of Yersinia enterocolitica in France. Contribut. Microbiol. Immunol., 5, 132-143

Anonymous., 2012. http://www.collinsmaps.com/maps/Nigeria/Kebbi).30/10/12. 2:30pm.

Barrow, G.L., Cowan, S.T., Steel, K.J., Feltham, R.K.A., 1983. Cowan and Steel’s manual for identification of medical bacteria. Combridge,New York. Combridge University press.

Bottone, E.J., 1997. Yersinia enterocolitica: The charisma continues. Clin. Microbiol. Rev., 10, 157-276

Brewer, R.A., Corbel, M.J., 1983. Characterization of Yersinia enterocolitica strains isolated from cattle, sheep and pigs in the United Kingdom. The Journal of Hygiene Vol.90 No.3. pp 425-433

Blumberg, H.M., Kiehlbauch, J.A., Wachsmuth, I.K., 1991. Molecular epidemiology of Yersinia enterocolitic 0:3 infections: Use of Microbiol., 28, 910-912.

Cameron, A., 1999. Survey of Toolbox for Livestock Diseases: A practical manual and software package active surveillance in developing countries. ACIAR, Australia, ISBN: 186320234X.

EFSA., 2006. European Food Safety Authority (2006). The community summary on trends and sources of zoonotic agent, antimicrobial resistance and foodborne outbreak in the European Union in 2005. EFSA J., 94.

FDA/CFSAN., 2001. Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. J. Food Protect., 59, 1091-1101

Federal Livestock Department (FLD)., 1990. Total population of livestock and poultry in Nigeria. Federal Dep. Livest. Pest Control Serv. Abuja-Nigeria.

Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., 2001. Molecular Epidemiol. YadA positive Yersinia enterocolitica. PhD thesis submitted to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.

Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Stolle, A., Stephan, R., 2007. Prevalence of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in pigs slaughtered at a Swiss abattoir. Int. J.Food Microbiol., 119, 207-212

Fukushima, H., Hoshina, K., Itogawa, H., Gomyoda, M., 1997. Introduction in to Japan of pathogenic Yersinia through imported pork, beef and fowl. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 35-205-121

Kapperud, G., 1991. Yersinia enterocolitica in food hygiene. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 12, 53-66.

Kwaga J.K., Agbonlahor D.E., Adesiyun A.A., Lombin L.H., 1986. The sensitivity to antimicrobial agents of species of Yersinia isolated from cattle and pigs in Nigeria. J. Veter. Microbiol., 12 (4) 383-8.

Lee L.A., Taylor J., Carter, G.P., Quinn B., Farmer, J.J., Tauxe R.V., 1991. Yersinia enterocolitica 0:3 An emerging cause of pediatric gastroenteritis in the United States. The Y. enterocolitica collarative study group. J. Infect. Disease., 163, 660-663

Lekule, F.P., Kyvsgaard, N.C., 2003. Improved pig husbandary in tropical resource- poor communities and its potential to reduce risk of porcine cysticercosis. Acta trop., 87, 111-117.

Lombin, L.H., adesiyun, A.A., Agbonlahor, D.E., Kwaga, J.K., 1985. Isolation of Yersinia species from pigs in Zaria, Nigeria.Veter. Record., 177 (14), 364.

Makula, A., Galti, S., Mollarett, H.H., Vandepitte, J., 1969., Surl; existence d; . infection in humans a: Yersinia enterocolitica en republique Democratique du Congo. Bulletin De la societic pathologie exotique.62: 454

Muirhead, M. R. (1989): The herd health status . Pig Veter. J., 22, 38-50.

Nesbakken, T., Iversen, T., Lium, B., 2007. Pig herds free from human pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica. Emerg. Infect. Disease. 13, 1860-5352

Okoroafor, E., Adesiyun, A.A., Agbonlahor, D.E., 1988. Prevalence and characteristics of Y. enterocolitica strains isolated from pigs in Jos. Nigeria Brit. Veter. J., 144, 131-138

Okwori A.E.J., Agina., S.E., Olabode, A.O., Fadera, M.A.K., Ibu Odugbo, M., 2005. Feacal carriage of Yersinia species in pigs, sheep and poultry on display for sale in Vom and Bukuru areas of Jos South Local Government Area (LGA). Plateau State, Nigeria. Nigeria J. Microbiol., Vol. 19, 230-234

Okwori A.E.J., Agada, G.O.A., Olabode, A.O., Agina, S.E., Okpe, E.S., Okopi, J., 2007. The prevalence of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica among diarrhea., 1031-1034.

Omoigberale, A.I., Abiodun P.O., 2002. Prevalence of Yersinia enterocolitica among diarrhoeal patients attending University of Benin Teaching Hospital Benin-City, Nigeria. Sahel Med. J., Vol.5 No 4, 182-185.

Onyemelukwe, N.F., 1993. Yersinia enterocolitica as an aetiological agent of childhood diarrhea in Enugu, Nigeria. Centr. Afr. J. Med., 39(9), 192-195.

Ostroff, S., 1995. Yersinia as an emerging infection: Epidemiologic aspects of yersinosis. Contribut. Microbiol. Immunol.,13, 5-10.

Putt, S. N. H., Shaw, A. P. M., Woods, A. J., Tyler, L. and James, A. D. (1987): Veterinary Epidemiology and Ecnomics in Africa: A manual for use in the design and appraisal of livestock policy. ILCA, Pp. 34

Rabson, A.R., Koornhofi., 1972. Yersinia enterocolitica infections in South Africa. South African Med. J., 46, 798-803.

Schiemann, D.A., 1983. Comparison of enrichment and plating media for recovery of virulent strains of Yersinia enterocolitica from inoculated beef stew. J. Food Protect., 46, 957-964.

Thrustfield, M., 2002. Veterinary epidemiology second edition. Book/ELTS edition. First publ., U.K. Pp 177-199.

Verma, N.K. and Mishra, D.S. (1984): Yersinia enterocolitica in pigs. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 54. 659-662.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.