Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

Yield loss of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) due to chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae Sard.) in Sinana, Southeastern Oromia

Dagne Kora, Ermias Teshome

Abstract


Field experiment was conducted at Sinana Agricultural Research Center in the 2014 main cropping season with the objective to assess yield losses caused by chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) of faba bean varieties. The highest number of days to physiological maturity was recorded on the variety Shalo (141.6 days) and lowest in the variety Mosisa (138.5 days). The maximum biomass on hectare basis (6.6t/ha) was obtained from plot sprayed at weekly interval. The maximum relative grain yield loss were recorded from the varieties of Mosisa and local, 47.8% and 46.7% on unsprayed plots, respectively. Losses in hundred seed weight greater on the variety local than others, this variety had maximum hundreds seed weight loss of 16% when it was protected against the diseases. The local variety shows the maximum biomass loss compared to other varieties under unsprayed plots. This variety has a biomass loss of 33% under unsprayed plots. The highest marginal benefit (32022.9 ETB/ha) was obtained from variety Mosisa sprayed at weekly intervals and highest (233.7 ETB) marginal rate of return was obtained also from this variety when treated at weekly intervals.

References


Ahmed, S., Imtiaz, M., Kumar, S., Maalouf, F., Malhotra, R., 2010. Impacts of climate change on disease of legumes areas. Paper presented at the international conference: Food Security and Climate Change in Dry Areas: 1-4 February, Amman, Jordan.

Bouhassan, A., Sadiki, M., Tivoli, B., 2004a. Evaluation of a collection of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes originating from the Maghreb for resistance to chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) by assessment in the field and laboratory. Euphytica., 135, 55-62.

CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2014. Report on area and production of major crops (private peasant holdings, meher season). Statistical Bulletin, 1(532), 10-14.

Dereje, G., Beniwal, S.P.S., Amare, B., 1988. Screening faba bean lines for chocolate spot and rust resistance. IAR progress report on faba bean. Beniwal, S.P.S. (Ed.). IAR, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

Dereje, G., Yaynu, H., 2001. Yield loss of crops due to plant diseases in Ethiopia. Pest Manag. J. Ethiopia, 5, 55-67.

Hailu, E., Getaneh, G., Sefera, T., Tadesse, N., Bitew, B., Boydom, A., Kassa, D., Temesgen, T., 2014. Faba bean gall; a new threat for faba bean (Vicia faba) production in Ethiopia. Adv. Crop Sci. Tech., 2, 144-149.

MA (Ministry of Agriculture), 2011. Animal and plant health regulation directorate. Crop Variety Register. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 14, 71-73.

Metayer, N., 2004. Vicia faba breeding for sustainable agriculture in Europe. Feverole, G. (Ed.).

Mussa, J., Dereje, G., Gemechu, K., 2008. Procedures of faba bean improvement through hybridization. Technical Manual No. 21, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. 48p.

Sahile, S., Ahmed, S., Fininsa, C., Abang, M.M., Sakhuja, P.K., 2008c. Yield loss of faba bean (Vicia faba) due to chocolate spot (Botrytis fabae) in sole and mixed cropping systems in Ethiopia. Plant Protect., 43(12), 1144-1159.

Sinana Agricultural Research Center (SARC), 2004. Sinana Agricultural Research Center Pathology Department Progress Reports for the Period 2002-2004. Sinana, Bale, Ethiopia.

Yohannes, D., 2000. Faba bean (Vicia faba) in Ethiopia. Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research (IBCR). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 43p.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.