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Sensibility of uropathogens in pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria in Lome, Togo

A.F. Abderrazzack, M. Salou, D.S. Tigossou, A. Chatte, B.H.Z. Tchoumbou, A. Tidjani, K. Djagadou, Y. Amenyapoh

Abstract


To investigate antibiotic therapy with pregnant women to asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) in Prenatal Consultation (PNC) without prior urinary tract infection at the moment of the visit in Lome health center. The urines were collected following the rules on hygienic good practices. We conducted the systematic urine culture on a chromogenic medium (Uriselect4). It enables us to identify a specific enzyme of a bacterial species or a group of species. The susceptibility was carried out following the agar - based spreading method. The following strains were the main uropathogensisolated, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacterclaocea, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Enterococcusfecalis. Antibiotic discs from the family of Beta – lactam, lincosamide, polypeptic and quinolone were tested on various bacterial strains. All bacterial strains were resistant to ampicillin and amoxcilline. Staphococcusaureus presented resistance to cefoperazone, erythromycin and spiramycin. Enterococcusfaecalis was resistant to cephalothin, ceftazidime and chloramphenicol. The susceptibility was stressed with the view of achieving an adapted antibiotic therapy with zero effect on the foetus and the future mother.

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