Cover Image

Sensibility of uropathogens in pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria in Lome, Togo

A.F. Abderrazzack, M. Salou, D.S. Tigossou, A. Chatte, B.H.Z. Tchoumbou, A. Tidjani, K. Djagadou, Y. Amenyapoh


To investigate antibiotic therapy with pregnant women to asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB) in Prenatal Consultation (PNC) without prior urinary tract infection at the moment of the visit in Lome health center. The urines were collected following the rules on hygienic good practices. We conducted the systematic urine culture on a chromogenic medium (Uriselect4). It enables us to identify a specific enzyme of a bacterial species or a group of species. The susceptibility was carried out following the agar - based spreading method. The following strains were the main uropathogensisolated, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacterclaocea, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Enterococcusfecalis. Antibiotic discs from the family of Beta – lactam, lincosamide, polypeptic and quinolone were tested on various bacterial strains. All bacterial strains were resistant to ampicillin and amoxcilline. Staphococcusaureus presented resistance to cefoperazone, erythromycin and spiramycin. Enterococcusfaecalis was resistant to cephalothin, ceftazidime and chloramphenicol. The susceptibility was stressed with the view of achieving an adapted antibiotic therapy with zero effect on the foetus and the future mother.


Agersew, A., Mulat, D., Meseret, A., Mucheye, G., 2013. Uropathogenic bacterial isolates and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns among HIV/AIDS patients attending Gondar University specialized hospital Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. J. Microbiol. Res. Rev., 5, 46 – 50.

Agersew, A., Feleke, M., Yitayal, S., Ketema, T., Afework, K., Belay, A., 2012. Abebe Agegn A. Al bacterial profile and drug susceptibility pattern ofurinary tract infection in pregnant women at University of Gondar Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Res. Notes., 7, 1 – 7.

Anis Ben HajKhalifa, A., Khedher, M., 2010. Frenquency and antibiotic resistance in uropathogenic bacteria in the university hospital taharsfar of mahdia. Revue Tunisieed’Infectiolog., 5, 57– 61.

Doublali, M., Khallouk, A., ElFassi, M.J., 2010. El Mountahi A, Melhouf A. Antibiothérapie chez la femme enceinte. EspéranceMédicale., 2, 140 – 141.

Ferreira, E., 2007. Grossesse et allaitement. Ed de l’Hôpital Sainte-Justine., 10, 693-704.

Frank, B., Nicolas, T., 2008. Infection urinaire, Un diagnostic surmesure. Rev. Med. Suisse., 4, 2145 – 2148.

Jharna, M., SrinivasAcharya, N., Buddhapriya, D., Subhash Chandra, P., 2012. Antibiotic resistance pattern among common bacteria uropathogens with a special reference to ciprofloxacin resistant Escherichia coli. Indian. J. Med., 4, 845 – 848.

Lavigne, J.P., Le Moing, V., Sotto, A., 2005. Which antibiotics to use in everyday practice in community acquired urinary tract infections in France. Spectra Biologie., N° 146 5, 18 – 22.

Lozniewski, A., Rabaud, C., 2010. Résistance bactérienne aux antibiotiques. CCLIN Sud-Est., 10, 24 – 34.

Macejko, A.M., Schaeffer, A.J., 2007. Asymptomatic bacteriuria and symp - tomatic urinary tractinfections during pregnancy. Urol. Clin. North., 1, 34 – 35.

Mauroy, B., Beauscart, C., Biserte, J., Colombeau, P., Delmans, V., Fendller, J.P., Mangin, P., Mouton, Y., Tostain, J., 1996. L’infectionurinaire chez la femme enceinte. P. Urol., 15, 607-622.

Okonko, I.O., Donbraye-Emmanuel, O.B., Ijandipe, L.A., Ogun, A.A., Adedeji, A.O., Udeze, O., 2009. Antibiotics sensitivity and resistance patterns of uropathogens to nitrofurantoin and nalidixic acid in pregnant women with urinary tract infections in Ibadan, Nigeria. Middle-East J. Scie. Res., 2, 107 – 109.

Shazia Parveen, S., Sharada, V., Reddy, M., Rama Rao, V., Janardhan Rao, R., 2011. Uropathogens and their Drug susceptibility patterns among pregnant women in a teaching hospital. Annal. Biolog. Res., 5, 516 – 520.

Sophia, A., Marie-Ève, L., 2011. Antibiotiques et grossessecasfréquents. Le Médecin du Québec., 2,48 – 50.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.