Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

The status and constraints of primary dairy cooperatives in Selale dairy cooperative union, Oromia special zone, Ethiopia

Melake Assefa, Lemma Fita, Ulfina Galmessa, Amanuel Bekuma

Abstract


The study was conducted in the selected 6 Primary Dairy Cooperatives of Selale Dairy Cooperative Union (SDCU) aimed with to study the status and roles of primary dairy cooperatives in service delivery, market linkages and their major constraints. SDCU was purposively selected because of its large number of primary dairy cooperatives and the high potential of dairy production in the area. The primary dairy cooperatives were stratified into three strata: (high milk supplier- 400 liters), medium milk suppliers (200-400 liters) and lower milk suppliers (<200 liters) based on their daily milk supply potential. In proportion to the size of primary dairy cooperatives, one (1) primary dairy cooperative from higher suppliers, one (1) from medium suppliers and four (4) primary dairy cooperatives from lower suppliers were randomly selected. Accordingly, 115 dairy producers were selected by probability proportionate to size of members of the selected cooperatives. The required data were collected by using semi-structured questionnaire from the respondents and supported by focused group discussion and key informants interview. All the data collected were analyzed using SPSS (Version 20). About 86.43% of the milk produced by the respondents was delivered to the prevailing market from which the major market share belongs to the Dairy Cooperative Union; because it allows them to get reliable milk markets with fair price including fasting periods. Absence of reliable market for processed milk, lack of milk collection center around the members, inability of the dairy cooperative union to collect all the milk supplied by members were among the constraints of milk marketing in the SDCU. SDCU was provided service delivery such as concentrate feed supply, training and advisory service, marketing, artificial insemination and veterinary services for the members. However, it was constrained by inadequate provision of dairy inputs, lack of enough materials like refrigerators to preserve milk and milk products; lack of commitment and abuse of finance by the management; weak linkage of the dairy cooperatives with service providing actors. It could be concluded that the service provision is substandard and also there are poor linkages among the dairy cooperatives and other actors in the milk value chain. Though the overall financial status, number of primary dairy cooperatives and number of members of the dairy cooperatives are increasing, the profit, the trust of members on the management and sense of ownership were declining. Thus, there is an urgent need for the dairy cooperative union management staffs to ensure transparency and develop sense of ownership among members by encouraging them in planning and execution, strengthen the linkages among dairy cooperatives and with different actors involved in milk value chain by organizing stakeholders’ forum.

References


Ahmed, M.M., Ehui, S., Yemesrach, A., 2004. Dairy development in Ethiopia. EPTD discussion paper No. 123, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.

Almaz, M., 2008. Comparative study on the performance of dairy cooperative input and output marketing in AstbieWomerta, Alamata and Endertaworeda in Tigray region Ethiopia. Master’s Thesis, School of Graduate Studies, Mekele University, Mekele.

CSA (central Stastical Authority), 2017. Agricultural sample survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Dessalegn, R., 1994b. Land, peasants and the drive for collectivization in Ethiopia. In (Bassett, T.J., Crummey, D.E., eds.) land in African Agrarian system. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 274-297.

Eshetu, T., 2008. The role of dairy cooperatives in stimulating innovation and market orainted smallholders development: The case Ada’a dairy cooperative, central Ethiopia. Master’s Thesis, School of Graduate Studies, Alemaya University, Alemaya.

Fikrineh, N., Estefanos, T., Esayas, A., Chali, Y., Feyisa, H., 2012. Production, handling, processing, utilization and marketing of milk in the Mid Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 24 (9), 202-213.

Fischer, E., Qalm, M., 2012. Linking small holders to markets: Determinants and impacts of farmer collective action in Kenya. World Dev., 40(6), 1255-1268.

Getnet, K., Anullo, T., 2012. Agricultural cooperatives and rural livelihoods: Evidence from Ethiopia. Ann. Publ. Coop. Econ., 83(2), 181-198.

Land O’Lakes, 2010. The next stage in dairy development for Ethiopia. Dairy value chain, End markete and Food security, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Nigusse, W.Z., van Huylenbroeck, G., Buysse, J., 2013. Determinants of rural people to join cooperatives in northern Ethiopia. Int. J. Soc. Econ., 40(12), 1094-1107.

Ortman, G.F., King, R.P., 2007. Agricultural cooperatives I: History, theory and problems. Agricon, 46(1), 40-68.

Redda, T., 2001. March 12-16. Small-scale milk marketing and processing in Ethiopia. In proceedings of South- Workshop on Smallholder Dairy and Marketing Constraints and opportunities, Anand, India.

Yemane, T., 1967. Statistics: An introductory analysis, 2nd Ed, New York: Harper & Row.

Yilma, Z., GuerneBleich, E., Desta, H., Mugisha, A., 2011. Innovations, actors and linkages in the Ethiopian dairy value chain. Proceedings of a National Workshop on Research-Farmer-Extension Linkage in the Dairy Value Chain of Ethiopia held on 29th May 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 34-56p.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.