Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Cover Image

Effect of storage periods and containers on the germinablity of mungbean seeds

Mohammad Sohidul Islam, Kamrul Hasan, Obidullah Shaddam, Ayman EL Sabagh

Abstract


A germination test was carried out to observe the germinability of mungbean seed under storage periods and storage containers at Agronomy laboratory of Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh during April-May 2014. The experiment was designed completely randomized design (CRD) with eight replications under three storage periods (15, 30 and 45 days after storage (DAS)) and three seed containers (tin container, polythene bag and gunny bag). The maximum values of germination percentages (GP) were recorded of mungbean seed with 15 days after storage (DAS) and the GP reduced significantly with increasing storage periods from 15 to 30 and 45 DAS. The highest GP (82.00%) was found at 15 DAS in tin container while the lowest (51.01%) at 45 DAS in gunny bag. The rate of reduction was found to increase with the advancement of storage periods. The germinability of mungbean seed was observed maximum levels (82.00, 80.89 and 72.68%) when seeds stored in tin container, and the minimum levels (72.42, 66.11 and 51.01%) whilst the seeds stored in gunny bags among the three storage containers under all storage conditions. Mungbean seed kept in gunny bag and tin container provide the highest and lowest reduction of GP, respectively. An excellent performance of germination was observed in tin containers seed while the gunny bag provided the inferior seed germination among all of the three containers. Finally, it could be possible to enhance and maintain the quality of mungbean seeds through proper storage medium with the adequate periods.

References


Agrawal, R.L., 2003. Seed Technology. Oxford and IBH Pub. Co. Ltd., New Delhi, India. 395-397.

Ahmad, M.S.A., Hossain, M., Ijaz, S., Alvi, A.K., 2008. Photosynthetic performance of two mungbean (Vigna radiata) cultivars under lead and copper stress. Int. J. Agr. Biol., 10, 167-172.

AIS (Agriculture Information Service), 2017. Krishi Diary (In Bangla). Agriculture Information Service. Min. Agric., Govt. Peoples Repub. Bangladesh, Khamarbari, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh. 18p.

Alim, A., 1977. Agriculture in East Asia. Moona Alim, 220, Garden Road, Kawranbazar West, Tejgoan, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 54p.

Bass, L.N., 1973. Controlled atmosphere and seed storage. Seed Sci. Technol., 1, 463-472.

Branderburg, N.R., Simons, J.W., Smith, L.L., 1961. When and how seeds are dried. Seeds: The year book of agriculture. The United States Department of America, Washinton DC, USA. 295p.

Brett, C.C., 1952. The influence of storage conditions upon the longevity of seeds with special reference to those of root and vegetable crops. Rept. 13th Int. Hort. Cong., 2(10), 19-32.

Copeland, L.O., 1967. Principles of seed science and technology. Burgess Pub. Com., Minnaeapolis, Minnesota, USA. 164-165.

Delouche, J.E., 1968. Prospect of seed storage. Proc. 1968. Short Course Seed Man., Miss. State Univ. Seed. Technol. Lab., 85-119.

Eswarappa, H., Ananthanarayana, R., Krishnamurthy, K.C., 1991. Evaluation of different storage structure for paddy. Curr. Res., 20(1), 8-9.

Frauque, A., Haraguchi, T., Hirota, O., Rahman, M.A., 2000. Growth analysis, yield, and canopy structure in maize, mungbean intercropping. Bu. Inst. Tropical. Agr., 23, 61-69.

Haque, 1982. Studies on viability and vigor of BR8 and BR9 rice seeds. Workshop on modern rice cultivation in Bangladesh held at BRRI, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Harrington, J.F., 1972. Seed storage and longevity. In: Seed Biology III. Kozlowski, T.T. (Ed). Academic Press, N.Y. & London, UK. 145-245.

Hasan, K., EL Sabagh, A., Barutçular, C., Sohidul Islam, M., 2017b. Seed quality of lentil (Lens culinaris L.) as affected by different containers and storage periods. Sci. J. Crop Sci., 6(1), 146-152.

Hasan, K., Sabagh, A.E., Islam, M.S., 2016. Effect of storage containers and moisture levels on the seed quality of lentil (Lens culinaris L.). Agr. Adv., 5(12), 375-382.

Hasan, K., Sikdar, S.I., EL Sabagh, A., Gharib, H., Islam, M.S., 2017a. Effect of moisture levels and storage periods on the seed quality of lentil (Lens culinaris L.). Agr. Adv., 6(1), 383-390.

Huda, M.N., 2001. Why quality seed? Reality and vision, Bangladesh context. Bangladesh-German Seed Development Project, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 90p.

Islam, M.S., 2008. Effect of abiotic and biotic factors on the storage of durum wheat (Triticum aestivum durum) seed. An PGT on Seed Technology. Institute of Research and Training (IRT). Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh. 23p.

Islam, M.S., EL Sabagh, A., Hasan, K., Akhter, M., Barutçular, C., 2017b. Growth and yield response of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) as influenced by sulphur and boron application. Sci. J. Crop Sci., 6(1), 153-160.

Islam, M.S., Hasan, K., Sarkar, N.A.A., EL Sabagh, A., Rashwan, E., Barutçular, C., 2017a. Yield and yield contributing characters of mungbean as influenced by zinc and boron. Agr. Adv., 6(1), 391-397.

James, E., 1967. Preservation of seed stocks. Adv. Agron., 19, 87-106.

Kaur, J., Randhawa, H.S., Sharma, H.L., 1990. Influence of moisture and container on viability of paddy seed during storage under ambient conditions of Punjab. Annals of Biology, Ludhiana, India. 129-134.

Majid, F.Z., Nahar, L., 1981. Laboratory study on storage of soybean seed. Seed Abst., 4(5), 192.

Nahar, K., Ali, M.H., Ruhul Amin, A.K.M., Hasanuzzaman, M., 2009. Moisture content and hermination of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under different storage conditions. Acad. J. Plant Sci., 2(4), 237-241.

Russel, D.F., 1986. MSTAT-C Package Programme. Crop and Soil Sci. Dept., Michigan State Univ., USA.

Umarani, R., Selvaraj, J.A., 1996. Effect of Trianthema portulacastrum on soybean. Allelopathy J., 3, 261-266.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.